Many summer residents and gardeners allocate a site for planting with sweet pepper. This very tasty and healthy vegetable is an important ingredient for cooking many dishes.. It canned, frozen. Therefore, each plant grower wants to get a good harvest of vegetables. Variety Bogatyr fully corresponds to its name, the description and characteristics of which can be found below.
Description and characteristics of sweet pepper hero
Bell pepper The bogatyr is very popular with vegetable growers for its beautiful appearance., unpretentiousness and high yield. Refers to mid-season varieties.Sweet pepper grade the Athlete
In the Russian state register of agricultural crops the variety Bogatyr appeared in 1996. His "parent" is a team of the Moldavian Scientific Research Institute. The creator of Bogatyr is the Agrofirm Poisk company, located in the Moscow Region. Employees of agrofirms clearly identified the most successful regions for growing varieties:
- North Caucasus region;
- Lower Volga region.
Depending on the seed manufacturer, You can get fruits cuboid or conical shape weighing at least 150 grams. The bush has a height of about 60 centimeters with a large number of branches and branches. Crohn blooms violently, almost every flower has an ovary. With proper care from one square meter of a summer cottage, you can get 7 kilograms of fleshy fruit. With large-scale sowing, you can get 400 kilograms of fruit per hectare.
The first green fruits appear on the plant 130 days after the first growth. Full maturation - staining in red color for 15-30 days after technical ripeness.
Fruits are usually large in size, with a thick juicy skin of at least 0.5 centimeters, saturated with amino acids and vitamin C.
Summer residents love this variety for unpretentiousness and high resistance to diseases. Planting on seedlings made in mid-February, while there is a simultaneous germination of plants. As it grows, a strong stalk and an extensive root system is formed.
The first fruits are collected in August. Bulgarian pepper is resistant to frost, so it continues to bloom and bear fruit until the first frost.
The variety is suitable for cultivation in open ground and greenhouses.
The merits of the variety
This variety has many advantages:
- High yield;
- Simplicity in the care;
- Bright red fruits beautiful shape;
- Beautiful taste;
- Resilience to frosts and temperature drops;
- Ability resist diseases;
- High transportability;
- Universality of use: well suited for cooking salads, hot dishes, as well as for canning and freezing;
- Long shelf life fruits.
This variety has virtually no drawbacks. According to summer residents, there are only two of them:
- Afraid of droughttherefore needs regular watering;
- Does not bear fruit on darkened areas.
Planting seeds, growing plants
The period of fruiting in a vegetable is quite long, so it can only be grown seedlings. Sowing material can be different: both its own collection and acquired.
Existing seeds should be sorted, selecting only large and intact - this is a visual stage. Then it is necessary to make a rejection with saline. In 1000 ml of water, add 40 grams of salt, carefully re-mash and lower the previously selected seeds. Move the solution again. Raw materials suitable for planting will be at the bottom of the tank, unsuitable seeds will float.Culling pepper seeds in saline
Selected seeds are thoroughly washed with water and disinfected in a weak solution of manganese. Then put on the germination, spread out on a thoroughly soaked cotton fabric. The fabric is folded in several layers above and below the seed. Sprouting is carried out within 7 days, the fabric should be constantly moistened.
The room should be warm, in this case, the seedlings will appear in a week and they can be planted in containers prepared for this.
Pepper is very afraid of fungus, therefore soil for seedlings need to be sanitized. Seeds are placed at a distance of 2 centimeters from each other, the top layer of the earth is not more than one centimeter.
To create a greenhouse effect, containers with seedlings are covered with a film. As soon as the first shoots appear, the film is removed, and the containers are exposed to a well-lit place at a room temperature not lower than 17 degrees.Sowing pepper seeds in a container
After about 30 days, a plant is obtained that has 3-4 leaflets formed and a good rhizome.. It is at this moment worth transplanting seedlings into separate containers. You can choose peat cups or plastic. When transplanting it is important not to affect the root system, otherwise the plant will be sick for a long time. Strongly sapling is not worth deepening.
It is not necessary seedlings have in the bright sun, it can outgrow. We make a slight darkening.
Saplings of pepper are fed twice:
- First time 14 days after the appearance of the first shoots;
- Second time two weeks after the first feeding.
At a permanent place of growth, seedlings are planted at the age of 2-2.5 months after preliminary hardening. Hardening is carried out within two to three weeks. To do this, the cups of plants are taken out of the room to the open air from the beginning for 30 minutes, and then every day we increase the time to whole days.Planting pepper seedlings in open ground
Planting in open ground is made according to the scheme - 40 centimeters between plants, 60 centimeters between rows. Some gardeners prefer to plant two plants in one hole. Directly at the landing, fertilizer containing nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium can be applied to the recess.
Then the pepper must be watered every time the soil dries out and more often loosen the ground. Pepper loves nitrogen fertilizers, therefore, you can feed it twice a month with diluted chicken droppings in a ratio of 1 to 10.
The result is a strong, green bush that must be tied to the trellis.
Diseases and pests
Variety Bogatyr has resistance to the most frequent diseases, such as:
- verticillary wilting;
- tobacco mosaic;
- peak rot.
However, there are diseases and pests that can cause significant damage to the crop. Of the pests, this variety is most susceptible to the effects of peppermint.
The most dangerous diseases:
- Alternarosis. Symptoms: watery spots appear on the fruits, and dark brown on the leaves. Treatment: spraying of plants with maroon liquid;
- Septoria. Symptoms: the whole plant is covered with gray spots with a pronounced dark edging. For treatment, a solution of phytosporin 1 tablespoon per bucket of water is applied;
- Blackleg. Symptoms: the lower part of the stem begins to rot. Unfortunately, with this disease it is not possible to cure the plant. The seedling is removed and destroyed. The earth is disinfected with a solution of blue vitriol.
The most dangerous pests:
- Aphid. This pest can cover the entire plant and destroy it in a couple of days. For prophylaxis and during infection, you can use the solution of Malathion in a proportion of 25 ml per 10 liters of water;
- Slugs. These pests are destroyed by frequent loosening of the soil around the seedlings. For prevention, you can sprinkle the ground with wood ash and dry bitter pepper;
- Spider mite. Folk remedies are perfectly suited to combat these pests: decoctions of onions, garlic or dandelion, a solution of laundry soap.
- Spider mite
The best prevention of the appearance of diseases and pests - timely weed control. They should not be on the site during fasting plants, as well as careful cleaning and digging the soil to prepare for the winter.
Pepper Bogatyr does not require much effort to grow. A little care and attention and each bush of a plant can bring at least 2.5 kilograms tasty and beautiful fruits.